If you are reading this article, there may be a chance that you’re an intellectual lifter. Amongst so many of us, there are only quite a few who actually have got the aesthetic “Greek god” physique or might have a future on the Olympia stage. But in order to get there, you have to turn to the use of anabolic hormones.
They only way you can get serious about your training right now is by reading this article because then you would have known the ultimate science behind muscle hypertrophy. This knowledge would for sure give you a competitive edge over others as well, in case you ever wish to compete.
1. Lifting for Hypertrophy and Strength
When lifting weights for hypertrophy, one needs to take care of the number of reps. Usually, it is said that 2-5 reps should be performed for strength and more can be performed for hypertrophy. An experiment was done at the McMaster University in Canada which showed that lifting lighter weights does not mean that you are sacrificing your gains.
They used MRI scans to assess the activation of key biochemical pathways and muscle hypertrophy. If one is training to failure, the muscle increase shown by the one lifting lighter weights was found out to be similar to the person who performed the workout with heavy weights. The strength was more developed in the individual lifting heavy though.
2. Energy Needed to Lift
The energy a person gets during his workout is mainly due to three pathways. This energy comes from ATPs (Adenosine Triphosphate) which is thought of as the energy source of all life. ATP is basically a nucleotide made up of three phosphagen molecules bonded together by a powerful force.
The first way the body gets ATP is through the phosphagen system which uses the ATP stored in the muscles and body. The energy can only be obtained from this pathway for three seconds on full exertion at a stretch though it can be increased by the use of creatine monohydrate for around 10 more seconds. This mode is anaerobic.
The second way in which the body obtains its energy is through the glycogen stores in the body. Here, the glycogen first breaks into glucose which then breaks up into ATP thus providing energy to the body. This path is also anaerobic.
The last pathway is aerobic. This occurs when the first two stores have been completely depleted. At this stage, the body starts using its energy from the oxidation of food. This will first start burning fat from different parts of the body determined by one’s genetics but will slowly move onto muscle.
3. Muscle Memory
If a person has acquired a certain amount of gains and stops working out for a while, his gains won’t be lost. This is based on the idea of muscle memory. Kristian Gundersen and his colleagues at the University of Oslo in Norway performed a research showing that muscle undergoes permanent change when one works out.
They did an experiment on a mice which showed that the number of nuclei increases in a muscle when it grows. Even after many years, the number of nuclei remains the same. So, if a person works out for a very long time, it won’t take him much time to recover his lost gains.